Environmental Studies (ENV)

Note: Some courses listed here may run only once per academic year, or every other academic year. Not all courses are available on both campuses. The catalog is constantly changing. Visit the pace website to view the most current class schedule, class descriptions, and required or suggested prerequisites.



ENV 105 Social Responsibility and the World of Nature (3 credits)
This course considers the idea of citizenship in relation to obligations to nature through a multidisciplinary examination of primary texts from economics, environmentalist studies, philosophical ethics, political economy, and social ecology. Direct student participation in the workings of local government will provide the community-based component and encourage leadership skills through active engagement on Community Board and Town Council environmental committees (environmental committees include land use, preservation, etc.). While in-class reports and a journal focus on the relationship between the more theoretical course readings and the civic experience serve to integrate learning and service.

ENV 110 Nature and Culture: A Study in Connections (3 credits)
This course examines prominent worldviews (organic, mechanistic, preservationist, conservationist, religious and secular stewardship for example) that have guided human action toward the natural world. From a global and interdisciplinary perspective lead by the influential writings of philosophers, economists, environmentalists, theologians, historians, political science, biologists, and naturalists we analyze the interaction between human and natural phenomena, the impact human actions have on the natural world, and the ways nature affects change in civilization. The primary goal of the course is to provide students an opportunity to see how different views of nature influence human choices and offer alternative courses of action toward viable solutions and have important consequences that are subject to an ethical analysis.

ENV 110B Nature and Culture: A Study in Connections (3 credits - Learning Community)
This learning community will be an introductory exploration of basic economic principles and environmental issues and their intersections. It will provide a theoretical Macroeconomic framework for the discussion. Examples will be drawn from current environmental and sustainability issues where appropriate. We will advance philosophic discussion on contemporary issues of sustainability, based on Teresa Brennan's critical work "Exhausting Modernity: Grounds for a new Economy" (NY: Rout ledge, 2000). We will be examining sustainable and nonsustainable practices as they have been culturally and historically developed. The course will also be a critical examination into values as they organize and / or antagonize natural ecosystems.

ENV 110P Nature and Culture: A Study in Connections (3 credits - Learning Community Course)
These linked courses are based in discussion and activities. Students investigate the way human influence impacts our natural environment and how our actions are influenced by our beliefs and perceived needs. Test and media analysis undertaken by students will explore ecological issues shaping local, national and international perspectives. The course will also evaluate environmental problems and use collaborative learning to explore creative solutions. A review of fundamental concepts is provided by: "Living in the Environment". G.T. Miller (12th) ed. (2002) Wadsworth Group NYC and "Nature and Culture: A Study of Connections".

ENV 111 Environmental Studies: Economic, Ethical & Political Perspectives (3 credits)
This interdisciplinary course will concentrate on the interdependence between nature and culture, integrating the economic, political and philosophical issues involved in environmental problems. General topics in value assessment and application to public policy are studied from a problem-oriented approach.

ENV 112 Environmental Studies: Basic Issues (3 credits)
As in ENV 111, the relationship between nature and human culture will serve as a backdrop for the course. From the perspectives of economics, philosophical ethics and political science, this course critically examines central topics in the environment. Air and water pollution, population, deforestation, biodiversity, global warming, resource use, renewable and nonrenewable energy are considered from an interdisciplinary perspective.

ENV 130 Naturalists (3 credits)
This course is designed to provide students with aesthetic insight into the natural world through the creative and imaginative writings and observations of famous naturalists. Significant time will be spent studying ways in mature nature viewed through aesthetic categories has influenced the conceptual profile and strategies of the environmental movement in the West. Classroom discussions and experimental field studies will blend theory with first hand experiences. Investigation of the perception and reality of "our place" in the world of nature and how aesthetic responses and art has influenced that perception over the years provide the enduring theme for the course.

ENV 140 Act Locally: Environmental Issues and You (3 credits)
The course introduces incoming freshman to the philosophy of renowned scientist and naturalist Rene Dubos. Students will be educated about global environmental issues from the perspective of an average environmentally “uniformed” citizen; so that correlations will be made between humans and their perceptions of the role they play with regard to our natural environment. Student will become involve in team projects that will afford them the opportunity to provide service to the Pace Community during Earth Month.

ENV 201 Animals and Society (3 credits)
This course attempts to answer the question why our society seems ambivalent towards animals and what significance this has in our lives. Readings, guest lectures, films and discussions will shed light not only on our culture’s largely unexamined bias, but also on the lives of the animals themselves. We will explore the myths and realities of buffalo, circus elephants and wild horses in our culture as well as the role farm animals, laboratory animals, wildlife and pets have played in shaping our American identity. We will also explore the positive side of the human-animal bond—from animal-assisted therapy to horse whispering. Students are encouraged to question their own assumptions about animals and to ask what the consequences of these assumptions are.

ENV 205 Globalization, Trade and the Environment (3 credits)
Ever since the end of the Cold War the social, political, and economic forces have coalesced to reshape the world. One of the most striking features that has emerged since then, on the world stage, is the trend towards global economic integration. Globalization, in spite of its popular and common usage, is very much a contested concept. Some emphasize the increasing interconnections between different players' economic, political, and cultural fields while others stress the notion that globalization is essentially an effort to undermine the national sovereignty and authentic identities of nation states by transitional actors.

ENV 211 Environmental Assessment (3 credits)
Following a study of relevant environmental regulations, this course will demonstrate the tools and techniques used in developing and interpreting natural resource inventories and in analyzing the potential social, cultural and political impacts of particular types of land use. Using extensive field work, students will learn how locate, read and interpret maps, how to conduct field surveys of soil, vegetation and animal resources, and how to analyze the accumulated data and predict the land use capability of a particular site. Lab work will consist of analyzing data in Geographic Information Systems. Professionally-prepared environmental impact statements will be analyzed for content, methodology, and compliance with the applicable laws.

ENV 215 Foundations of Environmental Law: Introduction for Non-Lawyers (3 credits)
This course offers students an introduction to American environmental law. The first two weeks will provide the student with a basic introduction to the legal process, sources of law, and the anatomy of a case brief. Students will be presented with an overview of how the United States legal system works at the local, state, and national levels. The majority of the semester will be focused on the foundations for environmental law. The history of the environmental movement will be discussed as well as development of laws that affect environmental issues. Throughout the course, we will consider the roles of individuals and nonprofit organizations in the administrative and litigation processes. Students will become acquainted with specific environmental laws, enforcement, and methods for compliance.

ENV 220 Darwin on Ecology (3 credits)
This course will examine the roots and development of the science of natural history and the pivotal role played by Charles Darwin in its transformation into the modern interdisciplinary science of ecology. The essential interdisciplinary aspects of ecology will be emphasized. A solid historical background will provide the student with the necessary platform to think critically about current and new ideas in ecology and to effectively communicate through placing these ideas in an historical context.

ENV 221 Environmental Science: The Web of Life (3 credits)
An introduction to living systems and the environment that sustains them. Topics covered include: the diversity of life, food chains, ecosystems, elements of recycling, eutrophication, and the Greenhouse Effect. This course will provide students with a basic knowledge of the organization, structure and function of living organisms, with emphasis on their interaction with the environment.

ENV 222 Environmental Science: Principles, Problems, and Solutions (3 credits)
This course assumes no prior knowledge of chemistry. The course will teach the basic principles of chemistry and then focus on some environmental issues, which have chemical implications. Some of those topics which will be covered are: air pollution, water pollution and cleanup, soil fertility, agricultural chemicals, nuclear topics, plastics, hazardous waste, acid rain, ozone depletion, greenhouse gases, and photochemical smog.

ENV 223 / BIO 215 Urban Ecology (3 credits)
This course explores environmental issues that specifically relate to the urban scene. The focus is on understanding basic ecological dynamics of urban and suburban areas. Topics discussed include urban flora and fauna, climate, and pollutant effects on quality of life. Specific environmental-related urban public health problems are evaluated. A combination of lecture, demonstration and field trips are used to facilitate under- standing of basic concepts.

ENV 226 Environmental Anthropology (3 credits)
Environmental anthropology is the study of the relationship between different cultures and their natural environments. This course examines how human communities traditionally adapted their subsistence strategies and social organization to their local environments and how these adaptations changed over time. The emphasis is on the diversity of these adaptations in different places, e.g. in arctic zones, highlands, arid lands, grasslands, and tropical rain forests. The course also investigates how economic development and globalization influenced these adaptations and thereby contributed to contemporary environmental problems which in turn affect cultures and continue to change them. A historical survey of anthropological contributions to environmental studies covers the following topics: Population, economic development, biodiversity, environmentality, indigenous groups, consumption, and globalization. Finally, the course looks at forms of environmentalism these developments have given rise to.

ENV 230 Natural Beauty: An Introduction to Environmental Aesthetics (3 credits)
This course examines various aesthetic senses of nature and their influence on human reactions to the natural world. We will read texts by environmentalists, naturalists, philosophers, ecologists, theologians, and literary works like the flamboyant and exhibitionist 19th century romantics, and the distinctly American phenomena of New England Transcendentalism. We will view works of art from different historical periods and traditions, for example the Hudson River School painters, landscapes of the pointillists, and traditional Chinese landscape painting, and witness Constable's capturing the chiaroscuro of nature in the dews and breezes of the countryside. We will not only study the aesthetics of beauty, but also investigate aesthetic qualities broadly defined to include symbolic codes and properties that metaphorically express particular cultural values.

ENV 170P / BIO 170 Spaceship Earth: Issues of Sustainability (6 credits)
These linked courses are based in discussion and activities. Students investigate the way human influence impacts our natural environment and how our actions are influenced by our beliefs and perceived needs. Test and media analysis undertaken by students will explore ecological issues shaping local, national, and international perspectives. The course will also evaluate environmental problems and use collaborative learning to explore creative solutions.

ENV 235 Sustainable Living in our World (3 credits)
This course will examine how psychology and other social sciences can contribute to a sustainable future through the study of attitudes, values, knowledge, and behavior associated with environment problems of the 21st century. Readings and class discussions will apply theoretical perspectives and empirical findings to subjects such as environmental justice, development of environmental identity and ethics, perception of risk, and the benefits of nature experience. Field trips will offer opportunities to explore sustainability at the local level. For their final project students will conduct a detailed study of an environmental problem on campus or in the neighborhood through collection of both archival and field data, and will propose a strategy for change.

ENV 240 Environmental Practices in American Culture and Society (3 credits)
This course introduces students to research methods in anthropology and the social sciences that can be applied to the study of environmental practices in American culture and society. Over the course of the semester, students will gain practical knowledge and real experience by designing and carrying out their own ethnographic research on environmental practices at Pace University, from sampling and developing interview protocols and survey questionnaires, to collecting, organizing, and describing and analyzing the data. Methods include participant observation, in-depth interviews, and structured surveys. The emphasis is on the integration of quantitative and qualitative data. At the end of the course, students will write up the results of their research; their findings will be disseminated through the Pace Institute for Environmental and Regional Studies (PIERS), and made available to the Pace community to help further the university’s mission: environmental sustainability.

ENV 260 Climatology (3 credits)
It’s taken billions of years to generate the exact, quintessential conditions needed for humans to survive on Earth, and yet in less than a century, humans now threaten to upset the delicate balance that makes existence on this planet possible. Starting with the industrial revolution, the use of fossil fuels have enabled the population to prosper abs grow with the consequence of creating a blanket of heat surrounding the earth that is jeopardizing our climate’s stability. While climate has naturally cycled over the course of earth’s long history, the changes that have begun are because of anthropogenic meddling, and 98% of scientists agree that we must take control of our addiction to fossil fuels or risk the habitability of the planet. The scientific mechanisms of atmospheric and ocean circulation are well understood, and climate scientists are actively trying to predict the outcome of our actions through climate models and computer forecasting. Even with the mountain of evidence stacked up and the inevitability of widespread conflict if we don’t work to solve this crisis, political and public discourse has been problematic with the barrage of disinformation that’s been concocted from the fossil fuel industries who stand to profit from inaction, will we be able to overcome the monumental obstacle we face? Or have we already surpassed the tipping point? By the end of the course, you’ll have an in depth understanding of climate change from both scientific and social perspectives.

ENV 285 Food Revolutions: The Politics (3 credits)
The burgeoning Food Studies movement places human affinities for food within a cultural, ethical, and economic context. Food symbolizes something so much more powerful than what we might think at first glance; its taste gives our lives fulfillment and meaning, and what we eat establishes both positive and negative connections with other people, other animals, and other landscapes. In other words, what we eat defines who we are. Food matters because we matter. This course is an advanced introduction into Food Studies via three disciplinary trajectories; applied ethics (namely animal and environmental ethics), ecological economics, and industrial psychology. These three lenses, combined with a range of controversial documentaries and group presentations, will engage students in analysis of the complex role of food in every facet of our lives. Topics covered include biotechnology and genetic patenting, farmer’s markets and local food movements, organics, hunger and malnutrition, factory farms, molecular gastronomy, restaurant business models, resource distribution, veganism, and international economics.

ENV 296B Topic: Natural Disaster to Mega Mall: Geography of Environment and Development (3 credits)
No description available.

ENV 296D Environmental Policy and Advocacy (3 credits)
This course examines the role of urban planning in managing environmental issues. Students will learn how professional planners inventory existing facilities, review proposed developments, and address population and demographic shifts. Repairs to aging infrastructure and creation of new infrastructure will be discussed. Topics will include: air and noise pollution, modes of transportation, water and wastewater management, stormwater runoff, Brownfields redevelopment, open space preservation and creation, and environmental justice. Various types of permitting at the federal, state, and local levels will be presented. Students will analyze the interplay between real estate developers, attorneys, government agencies, consultants, nonprofit groups, and the public during the environmental planning process.

ENV 296E People and Parks in the Third World (3 credits)
No description available.

ENV 296F An Environmental Study of the Greater New York City Region (3 credits)
This course covers the history of the greater New York City environment from earliest times to the present. We begin with a consideration of the geologic and pre-Columbian background, followed by more detailed examination of the effects of development during successive phases: the Dutch and British colonial periods, early and late 19th century industrial periods, 20th century urbanization of the region, and looming environmental challenges of the 21st century. There will be two cruises on the South Street Seaport sailing vessel Pioneer, and several field trips on land. Although geologic and other environmental science topics will be covered, the course is designed for a general audience and has no technical prerequisites. On field trip days students should expect to spend a full day in this course.

ENV 296G Human Ecology (3 credits)
This course explores the relationship between humans and their physical environments. A socio-historical perspective is taken in introducing students to the relationship between ecological and social change. Such topics as human migrations and adaptations, the modified physical landscape, environmental control and abuse of nature are examined. This course looks at early and modern attempts at environmental planning.

ENV 296H Topic: Geographics and Environment Developing Hudson River Region (3 credits)
No description available.

ENV 296I Surrounding Work: Literature of Labor Environments (3 credits)
No description available.

ENV 296J Topic: History and Development of Environmental Regulation (3 credits)
This class will be an introduction to the development and evolution of environmental laws in the United States. Students will get a historical perspective on how the current environmental laws came to be and will explore the charters of the federal agencies that administer environmental laws. There will also be significant discussion pertaining to the various types of environmental litigation such as allowing citizen suits.

ENV 296K Topic: Women and Nature (3 credits)
No description available.

ENV 296M Sustainable Communities: A Value-based planning Approach to Envisioning Sustaining Futures (3 credits)
After critically considering the environmental movement and comparing it with the sustainability movement the course presents the pros and cons of the rational and value-based planning approaches in building sustainable communities. Emphasizing the priority of principles over methods, the course draws from the UN Earth Summits, the Earth Charter and from practical experiences in the metro New York area.

ENV 296N Darwin's Dangerous Idea: The Nature of Science and the Theory of Evolution (3 credits)
This course is designed to provide students with an introduction to the nature of science and the theory of evolution. Evolution is the cornerstone of modern biology, and unites all the fields of biology under one theoretical umbrella. Notwithstanding the importance of evolutionary biology, no other field of science has been more questioned and misinterpreted. Students will be introduced to the nature of science as an evidence and logic-based process. What is a hypothesis? What is the relationship between fact and theory? Why is the theory of evolution, despite being so controversial, the quintessential example of scientific theory?

ENV 296O Environmental Roots and Rights: The Practice and Principles of American Environmentalism (3 credits)
Rooted in citizen activism that dates to the earliest days of the republic, fundamental to the development of 20th century democracy, and pervasive in 21st-century politics, business, and social mores, American environmentalism helps define America and its place in the world. The first half of the semester offers a survey of the development of American environmentalism from the blossoming of citizen activism in the founding days of the republic, to the growth of the American conservation movement, to the birth of the contemporary environmental movement and the world’s most aggressive body of environmental law. The second half of the semester is devoted to a case study of a current high-profile environmental issue, culminating with competing teams of students drafting briefs, preparing exhibits, and making oral arguments in a moot court public hearing at Pace Law School presided by Pace Law Professor Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. The course also includes noted guest lecturers.

ENV 296P Animals and Society (3 credits)
Much of what we have known about animals is changing. We’re learning that, much like us, they have language, emotions, and intelligence. It’s not just companion animals that we have come to better understand; it’s animals on farms, in laboratories, and in the wild. Yet despite these advances in science, our society seems ambivalent to acknowledge their real value. Why? What’s at stake? “Animals & Society” is an AOK-1 course that stretches our everyday concepts of civic engagement and community to include the world of animals. You will hear interesting guest lectures, watch award-winning films, and experience first-hand what it is like to volunteer in the nonprofit world of animal advocacy. The writing assignments are engaging, and you will be expected to keep a portfolio of your work. Everyone is required to work a minimum of 16 hours at an organization whose central mission involves the welfare of animals. Last year, students worked at an organic farm, a wolf conservation center, and the Westchester SPCA shelter.

ENV 296R Topics in Environmental Studies: Native Voices (3 credits)
This course offers students a rare opportunity to learn about American Indian cultures and their people's current efforts to protect what is sacred - the land, the water, the animals and other natural resources. Nearly all the readings (novels and non-fiction) will be by Native authors and scholars, and will challenge you to think outside the box of Western culture. By the end of the course, you will understand the connections that exist between their struggles and our struggles in a historical and colonial context. Students will collaborate in promoting events held on campus during class time that will inform the larger Westchester community, and will work with a local nonprofit organization to outreach to the 2,000 Indigenous peoples who live in Westchester County. For more information, call (914)773-3793. This course may substitute for a literature course with the permission of the Chairperson of the English Department.

ENV 296S Topics in Environmental Studies: Natural Disasters: From the Volcano Vesuvius to Hurricane Katrina (3 credits)
Bringing together specialists from a variety of disciplines (including Biology, Environmental Studies, Political Science, Law, Nursing, Economics, history, Psychology, Sociology, Literature, Philosophy, and Religion), this course examines the many ways in which people have dealt with various types of natural disasters.

ENV 296V Topic: The Economics of Human Resources (3 credits)
This course revolves around the use of human resources as determinants and consequences of labor market outcomes. The course will consist of two parts: the first studies the importance of the economic mechanism or economic models that drives such outcomes. Important determinants are discussed with special references to human capital (education and training), job mobility, internal labor markets within organizations, unemployment. We are interested in analyzing questions such as: how are wages and fringe benefits determined? What is human capital? Do immigrants take jobs from natives? Does education affect your health? Will children of poor parents themselves be poor? In the second part of the course we will apply the theoretical concepts to empirical applications. This will give you a real-world flavor and help you understand the theoretical implications and their limitations.

ENV 296W Mapping Urban Areas: Tools for Environmental Planning (3 credits)
The use of geographic information systems (GIS) has been rapidly growing. The expansion of GIS is apparent in the fields of environmental analysis, land use planning, health services, emergency preparedness, facility management. In response to this growth, Pace University has offered GIS courses to introduce students to basic GIS concepts, software functionality, mapping projects and design issues. These courses have encouraged a "hands on" approach to learning the latest professional mapping software. Geographers and mapping specialist use such software to query, analyze, display and output geographic data. GIS technology is powerful because it provides the ability to visualize information and relationships through a map. Class projects and exercises expose students to a variety of GIS data sets including aerial photography, parcel boundaries, building footprints, census block groups, flood zones, well locations, etc. Mapping services are in high demand and continue to grow as they serve organizations and communities worldwide. Successful completion of the GIS course can prepare students for an entry-level GIS internship position in GIS.

ENV 296X Research Design: Environmental Values in Our Culture (3 credits)
This course introduces students to research methods in anthropology and the social sciences that can be and will be applied to the study of environmental values in our culture. Over the course of the semester, students will gain practical knowledge and real experience by designing and carrying out their own ethnographic research on environmental values at Pace University. Emphasis is on the integration of quantitative and qualitative data.

ENV 296Y Food Revolution: The Politics and Ecology of What We Eat (3 credits)
This course will look at food and culture in the globalized world. Students will grapple with complex issues such as food aid, marketing and advertising strategies, obesity and malnutrition in the land of plenty, world overpopulation, loss of genetic diversity, bee colony collapse, food riots, cash crops, immigrant farm workers in the United States, why farmers are committing suicide in India, landless workers in South America, and the politics of hunger. We'll also examine solutions to these many problems, such as: hydroponics, sustainable farming, revolution and democracy.

ENV 296Z Technology & Nature: Political Dimensions Impacting the Environment (3 credits)
Through the years various scholars analyzing technology have issued praise for the power of technology and the optimism that it will provide the good like. However a handful of scholars have issued warnings about technology and its growing influence over human with its various ecosystems. What politics intersects with technology and the ecosystems? To answer that question both classic and contemporary philosophers of technology will be studies with specific analysis on the position each took with technology and the environment.

ENV 311 Development of Environmental Regulation (3 credits)
This class will be an introduction to the development and evolution of environmental laws in the United States. Students will get an historic perspective on how the current environmental laws came to be and will explore the charters of the federal agencies that administer environmental laws. There will also be significant discussion pertaining to the various types of environmental litigation such as allowing citizens suits.


Note: Some courses listed here may run only once per academic year, or every other academic year. Not all courses are available on both campuses. The catalog is constantly changing. Visit the pace website to view the most current class schedule, class descriptions, and required or suggested prerequisites.