Fracking fluid is 99% water.
Hydraulic fracturing, better known as fracking (rhymes with cracking), uses a significant amount of water.
“Fracking” fluid is pumped down the well under controlled conditions during the hydraulic fracturing process.
These fluids consist of about 99 percent water and sand and about 1 percent chemical additives.
In 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimated that
70 to 140 billion gallons of water are used to fracture 35,000 wells in the United States each year.
This is approximately the annual water consumption of 40 to 80 cities each with a population of 50,000.
Fracture treatments in coalbed methane wells use from 50,000 to 350,000 gallons of water per well,
while deeper horizontal shale wells can use anywhere from 2 to 10 million gallons of water to fracture a single well.
While these statistics are relevant, their wide ranges offer little understanding to implications of fracking.
Not only is there great scientific debate occurring around the issue
but there also seem to be huge political implications,
as with most energy topics.
It is important when reading materials on fracking to examine how thoroughly the study was conducted
and who sponsored it.
Get involved with the Water Awareness Campaign at Pace University