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"Contemporary Clinic" featured College of Health Professions' clinical professor Jean Covino and clinical professor Jennifer Hofmann's piece "What Is the Best Outpatient Treatment for CAP in Adults?"

12/04/2019 News Release Image

"Contemporary Clinic" featured College of Health Professions' clinical professor Jean Covino and clinical professor Jennifer Hofmann's piece "What Is the Best Outpatient Treatment for CAP in Adults?"

About 1 million adults in the United States are hospitalized for pneumonia every year, and 50,000 die from this disease.1
 
Half of all immunocompetent adults hospitalized for severe pneumonia in the United States are between 18 and 57 years of age).1 In the United States, pneumonia is 1 of the top ten most expensive conditions seen during inpatient hospitalizations. In 2013, pneumonia had an aggregate cost of nearly $9.5 billion for 960,000 hospital stays.1
 
The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) recently updated clinical practice guidelines previously published in 2007.2 The guidelines focus on patients in the United States who are not immunocompromised and have not recently traveled abroad.
 
Antibiotic recommendations for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) include coverage for the traditional pathogens Chlamydia pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza, Legionella, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycoplasma pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pneumonia. Widespread use of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has caused changes in the microbial etiology of CAP. There has been an increase in other etiologic agents including viruses Methicillin Resistant S. Aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
 
The following recommendations were published by the ATS and IDSA in October 2019 for the management of CAP:

Read the full Contemporary Clinic article.