Each year the Wilson Center for Social Entrepreneurship funds four fellowships for Pace University faculty to grow our diverse portfolio of research projects with a focus on the identification and analysis of issues facing nonprofits and social enterprises. Fellows are selected by the Faculty Steering Committee in a double-blind review based on the strength of the submitted project. During their fellowship year, each faculty member works on a specific case study or academic research project that actively engages current Pace students. These fellows participate in the Wilson Center Faculty Steering Committee for a 3-year term and present their work in at least one Pace research showcase. Full application details for the program are available.
Kimberly Collica-Cox, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Criminal Justice and Security, Dyson College of Arts & Sciences
From the Inside-Out: Students and Prisoners Learn Together
The transient population of county jails pose unique challenges for program implementation and maintenance. This project will address a critical void in rehabilitative initiatives for those incarcerated in county jails by utilizing a quasi-experimental design to evaluate an “Inside-Out” program, which allows Pace students to take a college class alongside incarcerated men and women at the Westchester Jail. This past year, the spread of COVID-19 substantially increased such challenges. Despite a change in pedagogy due to COVID-19, innovative methods will be utilized to maintain program integrity. College programming, which helps to reduce rates of institutional misconduct, as well as mitigate recidivism, is rare in most jails. Yet, “Inside-Out” type classes, which allow college students to take a credited course alongside the incarcerated in a correctional setting, is a great way to provide a missed opportunity for purposeful intervention for the incarcerated, while providing a unique experiential learning opportunity for undergraduate students. Through college programming, opportunities are created for inside/outside students to have transformative learning experiences that highlight partnership, discourse, and primary roles in addressing vital social issues. With empirical evidence, there is the opportunity to impact policy by demonstrating why partnerships between correctional facilities (government agencies) and universities/colleges (nonprofits) are crucial in addressing social inequity (i.e. educational attainment) among our most disadvantaged citizens.
Ric Kolenda, Ph.D. Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, Dyson College of Arts & Sciences
Empowering Entrepreneurship: Platform Cooperatives as Pathways from Gig Work to Sustainable Careers
As worker ownership is an important and uniquely effective form of social enterprise, this project explores cooperativism in the large and growing platform economy. My previous research suggests that creating opportunities for entrepreneurship can be an important way to address social and economic inequality. This inequality has increased as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. I see platform cooperativism as one critical alternative to corporate firms, offering both improved conditions and wealth creation for its workers, and this research will offer suggestions for public policies to expand and nurture it.
The “gig economy,” which comprises both traditional categories such as freelancers and contract workers, as well as those now working from app-based platforms such as Uber, Door Dash and TaskRabbit, has both suffered and benefited from the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated economic effects. So why does this matter? First, we have seen how dependent we are on the “gig economy,” and we need to make sure that it will be there for consumers. Second, the status quo is not working for gig workers. With wage insecurity and no healthcare benefits, paid vacations, sick leave, these workers are among the most vulnerable members of the labor force. And finally, contract work is often used to avoid paying workers full-time benefits. Meanwhile, the “employers” are being subsidized by taxpayers while not compensating their “employees,” who then must rely on social safety net payments and services. Worker ownership may be able to address all three of these issues.
Noushi Rahman, Ph.D., Professor, Management & Management Science, Lubin School of Business
A Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) of the Determinants of Social Incubator Success Factors
While the impact of incubators on for-profit start-ups has received substantial attention in the entrepreneurship literature, accelerator or incubator services for social enterprises are at a relatively nascent stage and consequently have received little scholarly exploration. Deeper understanding of impact accelerator services is an important and timely topic, as such services can be a valuable resource for social entrepreneurs to optimize the impact of their social enterprises. A social incubator is an organization that provides a physical space for training, development, networking, and social interactions among a select group of social enterprises. Social incubators facilitate networking among concerned stakeholders so that social entrepreneurs can become effective in their respective mission’s social change agenda. Social incubators also provide training on social responsibility initiatives and social impact measurement to the social enterprises that seek their incubator services. While the literature affords some information about the role of social incubators on social enterprises, what makes one social enterprise superior to another remains an uncharted area of knowledge. Recently published global rankings of social incubators offer little guidance on operationalization. This is not surprising because scholarly research on social incubators is in its infancy. Thus, the goal of this research is to find answers for why some social incubators are more successful than others. To properly conduct this qualitative analysis, short cases will be developed for 18 social incubators, which will then be content coded and analyzed using the Quantitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) technique.
Isaac Vaghefi, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Information Technology, Seidenberg School of CSIS
Effective Use of Mobile Health Applications in Geriatrics
The use of mobile health (mHealth) technology has been consistently on the rise for over a decade; it has shown potential to improve access, quality, safety and efficiency of care, typically at no or very minimal cost. This could be especially valuable to older adults, whether patient or non-patient. Despite the benefits of these technologies, early findings show that older adults struggle to use these technologies, and most drop them at the very early stages of use, before perceiving any instrumental value. Furthermore, personal technology entrepreneurship with mHealth technology could be challenging for the older adults, due to the potential limitations related to their concentration, prior mobile use experience, and technology use self-efficacy, as the consequences of aging. This calls for further scrutiny into what leads to effective use of mHealth for older adults, which is the focus of this research project. To study the interaction between older adults and mHealth, I will draw upon the tenets of social-cognitive theory (SCT) which models human functions as a continuous, triadic reciprocal interaction between individual, environment and behavior. Accordingly, I will investigate the relationship between older adults’ beliefs regarding their ability to use mHealth, their affective state, expectations about the outcomes of engaging in mHealth use and also their self-regulation. The results will contribute to health informatics and information systems literature by providing a new insight into how mHealth application can be used effectively in geriatrics (instead of being dropped after few times of use), and the key factors that explain older adults’ long-term adherence to use of mHealth to ensure receiving the intended benefits.
Jessica Magaldi, JD , Associate Professor, Legal Studies and Taxation, Lubin School of Business
"Exploring A Social Entrepreneurship Solution to Close the “Justice Gap” "
Professor Magaldi's research will explore a social entrepreneurship solution to providing affordable and effective legal services to low- and moderate-income individuals who are caught in the “justice gap.” Researchers calculate that 80 percent of the civil legal needs of those living in poverty and 40 to 60 percent of the civil legal needs of moderate-income Americans are unmet because they lack access to affordable representation. These populations have incomes too high to qualify for public legal assistance and too low to afford private sector legal representation. Professor Magaldi’s interest is in exploring an approach that aligns the interests of lawyers and clients, where lawyers get fair compensation for the value they provide to their clients and clients get much-needed assistance at a price they can afford. Her project will promote social change through entrepreneurship by documenting, evaluating, and analyzing a social entrepreneurship approach whereby a not-for-profit legal incubator assists early-stage attorneys to become individual for-profit entrepreneurs to offer legal services to low- and moderate-income populations. The not-for-profit legal incubator helps the entrepreneurs to build sustainable small firms, with a network of referrals and a commitment to meet the needs of low- and moderate-income clients. Professor Magaldi’s research seeks to validate whether this cutting-edge approach to the justice issue is a potentially viable alternative to the traditional not-for-profit legal services model where a not-for-profit entity runs a legal services office for qualifying individuals.
Michael Rubbo, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Environmental Studies and Science, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
"Quantifying the effectiveness of nonprofits with conservation-based missions in the Hudson River Estuary"
The importance of nonprofits to environmental conservation cannot be understated. Nonprofits with conservation-based missions are one of the fastest growing nonprofit sectors in the nation. A large number of diverse organizations are currently addressing issues such as: climate change, biodiversity loss, water and air quality, environmental justice, and habitat destruction. Despite the importance of these groups to conservation little is known of their effectiveness. This study will characterize the structure and effectiveness of conservation-based nonprofits in the Hudson River Estuary watershed. The first step in this analysis will be a detailed review of the non-profit organizations including organizational structure, budget, program areas, staff, facilities, revenue sources, etc. Conservation priorities for these organizations will be identified and an assessment of how effectively these organizations are meeting these priorities will be conducted. This analysis will be followed by an in-depth survey that will identify any issues that these organizations are facing that limit their ability to address their conservation priorities. The data collected during the identification phase will also be used to design an analysis that will identify commonalities among the organizations, and group them into classes based on structural characteristics. These classes may be based on factors such as operating budget, staff size or other attributes and will be used to determine if there are relationships between the various types of nonprofits and the issues that limit their effectiveness.
Ibraiz Tarique, Ph.D., Professor and Chair, Management & Management Science, Lubin School of Business
"Conceptualizing Talent Management in Nonprofit Organizations"
Most organizations large or small, public or private, and global or domestic face several challenges including those related to Talent Management (TM), which is generally defined as the management of employees with high levels of human capital (aka Stars, High-potentials, ‘A’ players, High performers). This project researches TM in nonprofit organizations, asking how it is conceptualized and enacted across the industry. The project will use a systematic literature review methodology to focus on scholarly studies on nonprofit organizations published in academic journals between 2010 and 2019. The project will also include findings from interviews with TM professionals working in selected nonprofit organizations. The goal of the project is to identify in terms of TM, what nonprofit organizations are doing to attract, retain, develop and mobilize talent. In addition, the project will identify major trends emerging in this arena and what the big TM trends would be in 2021-22. Hopefully the findings from this project may guide further academic research on TM in nonprofit organizations and might also inform the work of TM professionals.
Zhan Zhang, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Information Technology, Seidenberg School of Computer Sciences & Information Systems
"Older Adults’ Engagement with Community-Based Telehealth Wellness Programs: A Mixed-Method Study"
The rise in the aging population of the United States has led to an increase focus on older adults’ health and wellbeing. Telehealth technology has been leveraged to help older adults monitor wellness parameters (e.g., vital signs and cognitive capabilities) and identify deteriorating health conditions early. In particular, community-based telehealth wellness programs are increasingly being deployed nowadays as part of efforts to promote community-based self-management, which is expected to reduce the burden of health and social care services. While telehealth wellness programs now provide unprecedented opportunities for older adults to play an active role in health-related decision making, lack of user engagement with those programs became an increasingly salient issue as it could lead to unsuccessful implementation and adoption of telehealth programs. It is therefore critical to examine the influencing factors that encourage or discourage older adults to stay actively engaged with community-based telehealth wellness programs. In this study, I will use an established community-based, non-for-profit telehealth project—Telehealth Intervention Programs for Seniors (TIPS)—to investigate the issues associated with older adults’ engagement with telehealth programs. I will conduct a mixed-method study, using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Results of this research will help us gain a holistic understanding about older adults’ perceptions of telehealth programs, their unmet needs, barriers to engagement with telehealth interventions, and aspects that need to be improved. The results will then be used to inform the design and development of new telehealth technology features and healthcare services that better meet older adults’ needs.
James Lawler, D.P.S., Professor, Disability Studies and Information Technology, Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems
"A Case Study for Enabling a Non-Profit Organization to Help Adult Artsists with Cognitive Disabilities through a Mutisensory Environment"
Professor Lawler’s case study will assess the functionality of a technology that provides a multisensory environment for adult artists with cognitive disabilities at a local non-profit organization in the city. The organization supports people with intellectual and other developmental disabilities in building full lives. The project will work closely with adult artists with cognitive disabilities, in particular individuals with sensory processing disorders, where a multisensory environment of a virtual reality system provides them with the opportunity to be increasingly independent of non-profit organizations in artistic expressions of their inherent skills, through promotions of their senses through the technology. Students will partner with the adult artists to evaluate the technology through the use of various applications of virtual reality. The evaluations of the technology are expected to be done in the perceptions of the adult artists, non-profit organizational staff, and the students working with them through Likert-like observational questions. The project will concurrently engage non-profit managerial staff so that they too may be helped by the increasing independence of the adult artists as they might become less reliant on the occupational therapists. This might allow as feasible the occupational therapists to be re-allocated to lower-functioning individuals with disabilities. The outcomes of the study are expected to empower disadvantaged individuals with disabilities and to be particularly impactful for the non-profit organization in identifying entrepreneurial methods of integrating this technology into its societal setting.
"Embeddedness in Context: The real-life experiences of social entrepreneurs in NYC"
Professor Pret’s research aims to shed much needed light upon the real-life issues impacting social entrepreneurs by investigating how and why embeddedness in various social contexts affects social entrepreneurial practices. Professor Pret will recruit student research assistants to aid in the analysis of the large amounts of data that will result from this study, providing students with the opportunity to develop and strengthen their research skills as they observe social entrepreneurship in action. Set within the local NYC social entrepreneurship ecosystem, this exploratory study will investigate the experiences of nascent social entrepreneurs who are members of Impact Hub NYC. This membership-based community space connects social entrepreneurs, activists and drivers of social innovation to resources that can help catalyze their impact. Impact Hub NYC offers ready access to a diverse pool of research participants with an equally diverse set of socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. Additionally, its members are immersed within multiple interrelated contexts which facilitates an exploration of the influence of contextual embeddedness on social entrepreneurial practices. Through his research, Professor Pret expects to clarify the roles, relationships, norms, and constraints inherent within this ecosystem, explicate how these interact and potentially conflict with those of other contexts in which social entrepreneurs are embedded, and illuminate the process through which these myriad elements inform and are challenged by social entrepreneurs’ practices. As a result, this study will be able to advance understanding of the real-life issues facing social entrepreneurs and provide practical advice based on participants’ lived experiences.
Gina Scutelnicu, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Public Administration, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
"Nonprofit corporations as alternative public service delivery mechanisms in New York"
Professor Scutelnicu’s research will take a closer look at a common trend in American governance, collaborations among public and nonprofit institutions delivering public services that affect local communities. The state of New York enabled the creation of special purpose entities called local development corporations (LDCs) with the purpose of providing services in the area of economic and community development. LDCs are nonprofit corporations, created by local governments of general purpose such as counties, cities, towns and villages, with the aim of serving a public purpose. The assumption of the study is that the delivery of economic development services through LDCs leads to lower costs than if the service were supplied entirely by a local government of general-purpose such as a county, city, town or village. Drawing on public information and data and by employing a number of predictor variables such as such as asset specificity, monitoring revenues, and local market competitiveness this study aims at answering the following research question: “How does the LDC institutional choice influence the performance of economic development service delivery?” In collaboration with a Dyson graduate student, Professor Scutelnicu’s research will also address two immediate issues facing nonprofits: how can nonprofits grow and generate change and how can nonprofits identify/establish new funding sources? This study also makes a significant contribution to the practice of public administration by demonstrating how collaboration between the public and non-profit sectors impact the delivery of public services in the area of economic development.
Anne Toomey, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Environmental Studies and Science, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
"Investigating the social ecological dynamics of urban waterfront governance in Coney Island, Brooklyn"
Professor Toomey’s research, in partnership with the Billion Oyster Project, a waterfront based nonprofit organization working to restore the NY Harbor, and the New York Urban Field Station, is currently taking place along the Coney Island creek in Brooklyn. An important location, comprised of more than 5km of sandy beach and tidal estuary ecosystems, the Coney Island creek is also currently the site of an active combined sewer outfall. During rain events, this results in raw sewage and storm water bypassing treatment plants and overflowing directly into the creek. This system can lead to the nutrient loading of waterways and coastal eutrophication, where low oxygen zones limit the abundance and distribution of marine species, and in addition can adversely affect the health of humans who consume fish and other aquatic life caught in these areas. Despite these circumstances, on any given day, hundreds of people can be found fishing, recreating, and bathing along Coney Island’s waterfront. Professor Toomey’s research seeks to identify the uses, values and meanings that local residents hold in relation to their waterfront areas, as well as the extent to which residents are aware of the ecological conditions of their waterways, particularly with regard to how water quality is impacted by sewage outfall. Moreover, her research also aims to better understand how these ecological and social factors influence the engagement of residents in civic stewardship and management of their waterfront spaces.
Daniel Bender, PhD, Associate Professor, English, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Professor Bender’s collaborative research project, Democracy Entrepreneurs, extends his study of social systems that encourage or inhibit the agency of ordinary citizens as distinct from political elites. The investigation will be guided by a seminal question: To what extent can citizens be heard by policy makers and public officials and thus take part in democratic process? Students will be asked to specialize in one of four areas of broad-based civic concern: fair taxation across income levels, the Electoral College and its uneasy relation to the popular vote, the possibility of 3rd party candidates represented in major elections, and the prospect of low interest or no interest loans for college students. In line with current interdisciplinary alliances between humanities and civic engagement, students will become citizen experts in one of these designated topics. Formal study, followed by demographic surveys and grassroots organizing will produce a reform program written by each of the student participants, who, in building support for practical reform, act as entrepreneurs for democracy.
Matthew Bolton, PhD, Associate Professor, Political Science, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
"The Role of Pacific Island Nonprofits in Advocacy for and Implementation of ‘Positive Obligations’ in the Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty"
Professor Bolton’s project will focus on a number of nonprofit organizations throughout the Pacific Island nations that have provided health and educational services mitigating the harm of nuclear weapons testing while also pushing governments to better provide assistance to victims and remediate contaminated environments. In particular, nonprofit organizations and diplomats from this region have played an integral role in advocating for the Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty, recently adopted by the United Nations in June 2017. Professor Bolton’s research will involve ethnographic participant observation in advocacy efforts, both at the UN in New York and also through field studies to see the work of nonprofit organizations in Pacific Island nations. In conducting his research, Professor Bolton will observe the activities of non-profits at work, process-tracing of their impact on policy through organizational archival research and interviews with key informants. For this research project, Professor Bolton will engage an undergraduate student that will assist with literature reviews and provide support during interviews at the UN General Assembly providing the student with an opportunity to observe advocacy during relevant UN General Assembly sessions. His students will also indirectly benefit from this research as the information from his project will augment his teaching of international relations and Model UN courses.
Brice Particelli, PhD, Lecturer and Assistant Chair, English, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
"Dinosaurs, Dragons, and Unicorns: Genre Systems, Alternative Science, and Education at the Controversial Creation Museum"
Professor Particelli’s research will focus on how social enterprises utilize culturally coded and embedded understandings of genre to connect to audiences. He has begun his work on an analysis of the genres surrounding the controversial Creation Museum, a nonprofit that uses selective scientific research, rhetoric, and genres to support their claim that the Earth was created on October 24th, 4004 B.C. While this idea sits on the outskirts of scientific research and consensus, it has deep influence on science education and local school curriculum. In his research Professor Particelli hopes to learn how an outlier to the scientific and educational communities utilizes existing genre systems to affect science education. Through his course “Introduction to Genre Studies” Professor Particelli plans to engage his students and their own case studies based around this question of how outliers or challengers to a system use genre to influence social causes. He plans to develop an analytical approach based within Rhetorical Genre Studies and Activity Theory that will help both science educators and writing studies scholars explore these kinds of outliers through genre and rhetorical study. Additionally, it will allow science educators and museum staff to better understand how genre plays a role in their field.
Namchul Shin, PhD, Professor and Chair, Information Systems, Seidenberg School of Computer Sciences and Information Systems,
"The Impact of the Web and Social Media on Nonprofits’ Performance"
Professor Shin’s research project will empirically examine how nonprofit organizations create value for their use of the Internet, with a focus on the web and social media. For his project, Professor Shin will engage three Pace students to support the research process by collecting and organizing various data for the construction of a database combining two sources that will provide him with the top 100 nonprofits on the web, based on web traction and the top 100 nonprofits based on revenue. The internet is increasingly used by nonprofits to communicate with the public and increase charitable giving. In a market with increased competition, greater demand for services, and fewer resources, nonprofit organizations need diverse ways of achieving their social goals. Fundraising on the Web has been used by nonprofit organizations with varying degrees of success. However, there has been limited research on nonprofits’ use of the Web and social media for fundraising. The research will examine the impact of nonprofits’ use of the Web and social media on their performance, as measured by total revenue, including income from public support. By doing so, this research also legitimizes the value of Information Technology in the nonprofit sector for charitable giving.
Emily Bent, PhD, Assistant Professor, Women and Gender Studies, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Critical Assessment of Student-Engaged Learning at the United Nations: Feminist Pedagogy and Social Justice during the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW)
Professor Bent’s case study will analyze how Pace students enrolled in a high-impact experiential learning course at the United Nations respond to the learning experience over the course of a semester. With the support of student research assistants, Professor Bent will thematically code student journals as well as conduct research on engaged feminist pedagogy, NGO activism, and social justice theory. The data gathered will provide additional background and thematic framing to the project. Research suggests students involved in such courses experience increased student learning, improved interpersonal skills, professional / vocational development, and enhanced global awareness. As a case study for student engagement, Professor Bent’s study seeks to identify the challenges, successes, and ambivalences encountered throughout the term.
Kimberly Collica-Cox, PhD, Associate Professor, Criminal Justice and Security, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Parenting, Prison and Pups: Forging Partnerships Between Nonprofits, Government Agencies, Students and Institutions of Higher Education to Service Female Federal Offenders
Professor Collica-Cox’s research focuses on addressing the critical void in rehabilitative initiatives available to female inmates and their children. Her research will evaluate an evidence-based parenting program for prisoners, with student teaching assistants, that will ultimately employ the use of animal assisted therapy (AAT). With the support of the nonprofit, Good Dog Foundation, and a student research assistant, Professor Collica-Cox’s study will assess the outcomes of the program. Her assessment will determine the program’s ability to reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and maladaptive behavior among class participants, while also increasing participant’s levels of self-esteem, contact/involvement with their children and their confidence in parenting skills. This study will establish a baseline to examine the utilization of dogs within a classroom setting to enhance retention and engagement to maximize the learning process for female inmates. Click here to learn more about Parenting, Prison and Pups.
Susanne O' Callaghan, PhD, Professor, Accounting, Lubin School of Business
Analyzing the Obstacles and Issues facing Food Pantries and similar services in NYC, A Case Study
Professor O’Callaghan’s study will research a sample of food pantries throughout the five boroughs. With support of her student researchers they will conduct interviews and analyze food acquisition and distribution programs used to meet the food/supply needs of nonprofit recipients. This research will identify and analyze the many issues facing nonprofits that serve an important societal role providing food pantries as part of their programing mission. This research will also highlight ideas for future funding of such programs. Professor O’Callaghan’s research outcomes will inform about efforts meeting hunger needs in our country and how they are being meet in the New York City area. It will also allow students to better understand how the need for improved financial reporting can assist and enhance these efforts while providing them with an opportunity to gain an appreciation of how nonprofits serve a valuable societal role and the critical issues they face in continuing their missions.
Christelle Scharff, PhD, Professor, Computer Sciences, Seidenberg School of Computer Sciences and Information Systems
AppDock: An Education and Outreach Space for Device Literacy
Professor Scharff’s research efforts take a multidisciplinary approach to address the issues of low mobile device literacy and usage of locally developed apps in developing countries. The overall usage of mobile apps and services remains low in developing markets; the gap is even wider for locally developed ones. Reasons include low literacy, low mobile device literacy, misalignment between apps and users’ needs, and inadequate access and infrastructure. Dr. Scharff is proposing the creation of AppDock, a physical space working seamlessly with its digital counterpart to improve mobile device literacy and increase interaction between users and developers in developing countries. When visiting AppDock, users can charge their phones and access WiFi in a safe, user-friendly space, while also getting exposure to locally developed apps, watching video tutorials on apps and phones, providing feedback to developers, and attending workshops. AppDock units can be customized for different countries. Dr. Scharff is working with a team of Computer Science student researchers from Pace University and partnering with architecture researchers at New York Institute of Technology (NYIT) and a tech hub to design, build, and test AppDock in Senegal. Through her findings, Dr. Scharff’s research can evaluate the social impact and relevance that AppDock has on local communities and highlight the importance of promoting widespread mobile device literacy and the work of social entrepreneurs.
Casey Frie, PhD, Assistant Professor, Management & Mgt. Science, Lubin School of Business,
Collective Identity and Social Entrepreneurship: Insights from Rural Brazil.
Professor Frid’s case study will explore the emergence of a collective identity among individuals in a rural area in Brazil, known as the Reserva do Ibitipoca. Through field observations, tracking local news, interviewing local entrepreneurs, residents and other relevant stakeholders, Professor Frid will gather insights into the socio-cultural, environmental and economic challenges this community is confronting as a result of the exponential growth of tourism in the region. Professor Frid will work with an undergraduate student who will help with coding the collected data. He plans to allow students in his Honors section to use some of the data collected through this research to write their own case studies as part of their coursework.
Lijun He, PhD, Assistant Professor, Public Administration, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Patterns of Foundations' Strategic Change on Impact-Investing: A Comparison of a public foundation and private foundation.
Professor He’s study seeks to contribute to the scholarly research on impact investing through two main objectives: to identify the involved actors; and to analyze the sequence of changes a foundation experiences as they make a strategic shift from traditional grant making to impact investing. To assist with her study, Professor He will collaborate with a Pace University graduate student interested in learning and researching impact investment and nonprofit strategies. The study will focus on two US-based grant-making foundations (one public and one private) that have shifted to impact investing. Interviews, organizational reports, files, press releases, and documents will be collected and analyzed to observe the differences in their governance systems and managerial structure as a result of this shift. The results of the study will provide a better understanding of the strategic change processes, which will broaden the theory related to strategic change. The outcome of this research will help accelerate the implementation process for foundations that intend to adopt impact investing as a new strategy.
Carol Roye EdD,, Associate Dean for Faculty Scholarship and Professor, Lienhard School of Nursing, College of Health Professions
Promoting Health in Haiti: Developing a Partnership Between an Impoverished Nation and an NGO to Develop Advanced Practice Nursing Education, A Case Study.
Professor Roye’s research will investigate how a small nonprofit organization, Promoting Health in Haiti (PHH), founded by a group of nurse faculty, established partnerships with key entities in Haiti and created a sea change in nursing education after the catastrophic Haitian earthquake of 2010. The proposed case study will examine and report on the steps taken by PHH to collaborate and produce desperately needed changes in nursing education. Through interviews with key stakeholders in the US and in Haiti Professor Roye will gain insights into the work of the facilitators and will better understand the barriers to establishing effective working partnerships. Two Pace University nursing students, whose families are from a developing country will assist in the analysis and will also provide additional insight into issues relevant to working in Haiti or other developing countries.
Jason Whitesel, PhD, Assistant Professor, Women and Gender Studies, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Community Capacity-Building Efforts in a Nonprofit Organization for Older Gay Men: A Case Study of the Prime Timers.
Professor Whitesel’s research will focus on a global nonprofit, the Prime Timers. With chapters throughout the United States and abroad, this organization’s mission is to support a disenfranchised group within gay society–older gay men–many of whom may live in social isolation. Currently, it is unclear whether Prime Timers is effectively impacting its target population; little research exists to suggest ways to increase the organization’s impact and to identify and analyze the immediate problems facing this nonprofit. Professor Whitesel’s research aims to investigate the mismatch between members’ expectations and the organization’s mission. Qualitative content analysis of a) the organizations’ online materials & publications and b) interviews with local organization members & with key stakeholders will yield information about structural or leadership issues and the future growth or decline of the organization. Professor Whitesel will engage “Introduction to Queer Studies” students in the data collection and analysis process. The project will connect the Queer Studies minors with the Nonprofit Studies minors in the Women’s and Gender Studies Department at Pace. By involving students in the operations of a nonprofit organization, this study will also connect students to the Pace Path Program through their civic engagement and experiential learning.
Claudia Green, PhD, Professor, Management & Management Science, Lubin School of Business
Case Studies regarding Social Entrepreneurship in Rio de Janiero, Brazil.
Professor Claudia Green will collaborate with her colleague Dr. Cohen, at Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, and their students to develop a series of Rio-based social entrepreneurship case studies. By developing a database of resources, articles, and websites, conducting one-on-one interviews with various social entrepreneurs and drafting case studies, Professor Green, Dr. Cohen and their students will submit their cases for publication and presentations at professional meetings and conferences.
Eric Kessler, PhD, Henry George Professor, Management & Management Science, Lubin School of Business
Critical Success Factors for Service Leadership and Service Learning.
Professor Kessler's project will engage students to design and implement a coordinated series of projects related to local community service and nonprofit organizations. In doing so he will analyze and study the critical success factors that may motivate students to fully engage in service leadership/learning activities both within their educational and professional contexts. Additionally, he will research the critical success factors that might increase the effectiveness of these service leadership/learning activities from the perspectives of the individuals and organizations involved. Professor Kessler aims to enhance the ways that we prepare and enable service learning in our future leaders so in turn they may actually execute and implement service leadership.
Mark Weinstock, Lecturer, Economics, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Marketing Challenges for Museums: The Case of the National Museum of the American Indian.
Professor Weinstock’s case study will investigate why the National Museum of the American Indian has encountered a 64% decline in visitations over the past several years. Data gathered by a Wilson Center funded intern, to determine changes in advertising and social media patterns of outreach, will be used as a resource in his research. The case study will also employ interviews, survey methodology encompassing other local museums, and trend analysis to determine the strategic effectiveness of various media. Relationships between marketing, public relations, and advertising will be examined with the goal of determining their impact on museum visitations.
P.V. Viswanath, PhD, Professor, Finance and Economics, Lubin School of Business
Microfinance and Microenterprise in Kenya.
Dr. P.V. Viswanath’s study of Microfinance and Microenterprise in Kenya will explore the extent to which microfinance in Kenya has helped in poverty alleviation through the provision of microcredit. In particular, the study examines the role of market access in the impact of micro-lending on the success of microenterprises using microfinance institution (MFI) funds. His goal is to ascertain the impact of microfinance in alleviating poverty in Kenya by targeting the use of funds by borrowers and factors surrounding access to these funds.
Matthew Bolton, PhD, Associate Professor, Political Science, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Nascent Spirit of New York or Ghost of Arms Control Past?: The Normative Implications of the Arms Trade Treaty for Global Policymaking
Abstract: Does the 2013 United Nations (UN) Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) represent what Costa Rica's UN Ambassador called a nascent ‘Spirit of New York’ – a change in the rules of the arms control game in favor of humanitarianism and human rights? Or does it represent business as usual – the ghost of Arms Control past? We are convinced by neither the messianic claims of the ATT's most overheated boosters nor the doom-saying of its most ardent detractors. Rather we argue here that in both the ATT negotiation process and the treaty text, ‘norm entrepreneurs’ like NGOs, Middle Powers and small states have created space for global policy making based on humanitarian and human rights considerations. However, the negotiation and treaty also represent a melding of this ‘maximalist’ human security–civil society approach with UN General Assembly concerns about small arms proliferation and the ‘minimalist’ strategic and commercial interests of the major arms exporters. This hybrid pathway to the treaty's adoption offers possibilities for future global policy making on disarmament and arms control as well as other humanitarian issues.
James Lawler, PhD, Professor, Information Technology, Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems
A Case Study for Empowering a Non-Profit Organization to Better Help Individuals with Disabilities through an e-Health Managed Care Cloud Computing System.
Abstract: Local non-profit organizations are constrained in developing efficient methods for helping people with disabilities confined at their own homes. The cost of labor of physically serving such people is a continued issue at the organizations. This case study explores an entrepreneurial focus on best-in-class applications of m-Health devices for improving methods of home medication support furnished by a leading metropolitan non-profit organization. This study explores further the potential of hosted infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) m-Health remote monitoring systems technology. The findings of this study can benefit non-profit organizations considering economic entrepreneurial innovation in interactive managed care technology.
Yvonne Rafferty, PhD, Professor, Psychology, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Challenges to the rapid identification of children who have been trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation
Abstract: Child trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) is a complex phenomenon, requiring multifaceted programs and policies by various stakeholders. A number of publications have focused on preventing this heinous crime. Less attention, however, has been paid to the recovery and rehabilitation of children who have been traumatized as a result of being trafficked for CSE. This article focuses on the first step in the protection and recovery process, which is to ensure that procedures are in place for their identification, so that they might access timely and appropriate assistance. It highlights three situational and two child-related challenges to identification. In addition, it describes the additional victimization experienced by children who are wrongly arrested for crimes associated with prostitution or illegal border crossings, rather than being identified as victims. An extensive literature review was conducted, and included academic publications, as well as governmental and non-governmental reports. In addition, field-based qualitative research was undertaken in South and Southeast Asia, and involved interviews with representatives from United Nations and governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and aftercare recovery programs.
Namchul Shin, PhD, Professor, Information Technology, Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems,
An Exploratory Study of Nonprofit Organizations’ Use of the Internet for Communications and Fundraising
Abstract: This research examines how nonprofits use the Internet to build public relations and increase charitable giving by analyzing the content of the websites of various nonprofit organizations listed in the top 100 NPOs published by the Nonprofit Times. The content of websites is coded with variables identified in previous research based on online fundraising, communication practices, accountability, and security. We found that there is no difference for most variables in the fundraising and communication practices of the two groups of NPOs, which we divided by the level of fundraising. The differences are found in such variables as campaign summary, messages from the CEO, social media use, and annual reports. These findings suggest that certain communication practices, (information dissemination, interactive communication, and accountability) are positively associated with the level of fundraising. We also found that there is no difference across sectors for the presence of most website characteristic variables. Compared to the findings of previous research, however, our findings show that the presence of most variables related to communications and fundraising has increased on NPOs’ websites. This indicates that by recognizing the importance of the Internet, NPOs are increasingly using it as a medium for communications and charitable giving.
David Caputo, PhD, President Emeritus & Professor, Political Science, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences,
Expenditure and Tax Decisions Dealing with the National Debt and their Implications for Nonprofits and Social Enterprise.
Jean F. Coppola, BS, MS, MS, PhD, Associate Professor, Information Technology, Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems
Applying Mobile Application Development to Help Dementia and Alzheimer Patients
Abstract: Caregiver anecdotes attest that music and photographs play an important role for family members diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), even those with severe AD. Tablets and iPads, which are prevalent, can be utilized with dementia patients in portraying favorite music and family photographs via apps developed in close partnership with geriatric facilities. This study addresses cognitive functioning and quality of life for people diagnosed with dementia via technology. Research has shown that technology instruments such as iPods, help stimulate those with dementia. This study focuses on innovative devices such as iPads and tablets, which are mainstream and easy to use, cannot only help determine stage of dementia, but also provide stimulation to improve cognitive functioning. It is hoped that this research will analyze that specially created apps and existing assistive software can be used to decrease the symptoms and improve cognition of older adults suffering from AD or other dementia related diseases. Via service-learning courses, students developed an easy-to-use application for tablets to help older adults with disabilities more readily use the technology. This research will discuss student developed mobile applications in the scope of helping improve the quality of life of patients with AD or dementia.
Hillary Knepper, PhD, Associate Professor, Public Administration, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences,
Human Capital Investment During Times of Fiscal Austerity: Examining Volunteer Management Effectiveness
Abstract: Nonprofit organizations rely upon volunteers to facilitate their missions of meeting critical community needs. Since 2006, on average, 61.9 million Americans or 26.4 percent of the adult population volunteered every year through organizations delivering 8.1 billion hours of service worth approximately $162 billion to America’s communities (Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012; Corporation for National and Community Service 2010). Most recent data released by The Bureau of Labor in 2013 further suggest between September 2011 and September 2012 approximately 64.5 million people volunteered via an organization at least once. In light of high unemployment, donor fatigue, and slow economic growth, it is also anticipated that nonprofit reliance on volunteers will continue to increase (Salamon and Spence 2009). As cautioned by Doherty and Mayer (2003) when revenue sources are compromised as a result of an ailing economy, continued devolution, and severe budget cuts at all levels of government, nonprofits will increasingly be compelled to cope in new ways to achieve their missions. Therefore, as nonprofit organizations continue to face compromised revenue sources due to severe federal funding cuts and reduced donor support, managers will be compelled more than ever before to utilize their volunteers with fewer resources. However, the words of Lipsky and Smith (1989/90) and again by Brudney and Duncombe (1992) still ring true today: volunteers are not free, nor are nonprofit managers always equipped to make the most of their volunteers (Urban Institute 2004; Yanay and Yanay 2008). Furthering the findings of prior research (Levine and D’Agostino 2012), the purpose of this study is to identify the specific practices that emerge among volunteer managers in human service organizations during challenging economic times. Given that volunteer management encompasses a range of complex activities, such as recruiting, coordinating, leading, supporting, administering and organizing volunteers as well as strategic oversight and management of volunteer programs this study introduces complexity theory as a lens for understanding volunteer management capacity during challenging economic times. Although business (Curley 2012) and legal studies (Hornstein 2005) have utilized complexity as a guiding theory, the framework used in this study is a unique and important contribution to the nonprofit volunteer management literature. This study incorporates complexity theory as a means to frame a model of volunteer management that offers nonprofit chief executives, managers and funders a new perspective on how to successfully cope with volunteers and strengthen capacity during these challenging times. First, literature reviewing nonprofit and volunteer management capacity building is examined. The paper then introduces complexity theory as a basis for understanding volunteer management capacity. We then proceed with the methods section and discussion of key findings. We conclude with study limitations and areas for future research.
Emily Welty, PhD, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
Beyond Poverty Tourism: analyzing the impacts of short-term volunteer trips in the international non-profit sector.
Melissa Cardon, PhD, Associate Professor, Management & Management Science, Lubin School of Business
Case Study of Little Village Playhouse: The Challenges of Social Entrepreneurship co-authored with Theresa Lant, PhD
Abstract: Copyright 2013, Pace University. This case was developed for class discussion, and is not intended as an endorsement, source of primary data, or illustration of effective or ineffective management. Descriptions involving student participants are stylized depictions, and do not refer to any individual participant. The authors thank the Wilson Center for Social Entrepreneurship for financial support, and the principals of Little Village Playhouse for their cooperation and support.
Michelle Land, J.D., Associate Professor, Environmental Studies & Science, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences,
Case Study of Big Apple Circus
Francis Marchese, PhD, Professor, Computer Science, Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems
500 Year Documentation
Abstract: Museum visitors today can regularly view 500 year old art by Renaissance masters. Will visitors to museums 500 years in the future be able to see the work of digital artists from the early 21st century? This paper considers the real problem of conserving interactive digital artwork for museum installation in the far distant future by exploring the requirements for creating documentation that will support an artwork's adaptation to future technology. In effect, this documentation must survive as long as the artwork itself -- effectively, in perpetuity. A proposal is made for the use of software engineering methodologies as solutions for designing this documentation.
Lixin Tao, PhD, Professor, Computer Science, Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems
Open-Source IT Support for Effective Social Entrepreneurship
Abstract: To better support its mission, a non-profit organization needs to effectively reach out to the public, collect information and opinions from the public, support effective brainstorming and discussions, implement effective business processes for non-profit operations, and support effective governance of the organization. The latest information technologies have provided better alternatives for non-profits to run smoother and more effectively.
In this paper we conduct a critical study of two popular open-source contents management systems, Drupal and WordPress, introduce Drupal to social entrepreneurs, and explain how it can support most of the tasks outlined above. Specific guidance is provided for setting up an organization’s public website that supports smooth communications and effective governance. This paper also outlines a PHP and Ajax based real-time information sharing system which can be adapted to support various forms of fast data sharing and brainstorming for organization members through the Internet.
Melissa Cardon, PhD, Lubin School of Business
Entrepreneurial Passion: Sources and Sustenance co-authored with Michael J. Glauser
Abstract: Entrepreneurial passion helps coordinate cognition and behavior of entrepreneurs, providing the fire that fuels innovation, persistence, and ultimate success. But where does entrepreneurial passion come from? Using a phenomenological approach, we conduct a qualitative study of 80 entrepreneurs and analyze their oral histories to explore the sources of entrepreneurial passion, as experienced by entrepreneurs. Our discovery process in the interviews suggests six major sources of entrepreneurial passion: passion for building/developing the venture, passion for people, passion for the product or service, passion for inventing, passion for competition, and passion for a social cause.
Joseph Morreale, PhD, Professor, Economics, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences
The Impact of the “Great Recession” on the Financial Resources of Nonprofit Organizations
Abstract: This research paper analyzes the impact of the recent Great Recession on nonprofit organizations. More specifically, it studies the impact of the recession on their ability to raise funds and remain financially viable. The four key research questions discussed are: What has been the overall impact of the Great Recession on nonprofit organizations?; How has the Recession impacted the fundraising capability of nonprofit organizations?; How well have different types of organizations weathered the Great Recession’s impact on their revenue sources?; and What strategies have nonprofit organizations found to be useful in surviving this severe downturn? The study uses the most recent data on nonprofit financing from 2007-2010. The results show that nonprofits as a whole have seen general declines in contributions and funding. But there are clear differences in the impact of the eleven sectors studied. Moreover, the size of the organization matters as does its main source of revenue. The paper concludes with a set of strategies that have been successful at stemming the decline in nonprofit funding. The study provides valuable insight into the ability of nonprofit organizations to survive such difficult economic times and also to reveal the various practices that have been successfully utilized for their survival.
Noushi Rahman, PhD, Professor, Management and Management Science, Lubin School of Business
Back to Square One: An Examination of Social Entrepreneurship Centers and Programs co-authored with Rebecca Tekula, PhD
Abstract: Prominent social entrepreneurship (SE) centers and programs in North America, Europe, and Asia are examined in terms of their position in the institutional structure, initial and additional funding, teaching initiatives, research achievements, and outreach activities. Performance was computed using a transparent coding scheme. Low correlations with institutional endowment and SE center/program performance offer some evidence of discriminant validity of our rankings approach. Performance scores were used to rank-order SE centers and programs. Such an approach to examine SE center/program performance goes beyond the perception-based ranking instruments that popular magazines employ to evaluate subject-specific rankings. We examined data from 28 centers/programs, and in addition to an unweighted approach to rankings, we also computed regression-weighted rankings of these centers/programs. Implications for SE centers/programs, social entrepreneurs, SE scholars, and funders are discussed.
Christelle Scharff, PhD, Professor, Computer Science, Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems
Teaching Mobile Solution Development in a Global Context: Comparing Solutions Proposed by Students in the Developed and Developing World co-authored with J.M. Preira, R. Kay, and S. Hang
Abstract: This paper presents and reflects on the different approaches of teaching mobile solution development at Pace University in the US and in different universities in Senegal in the last three years. The evolution of the objectives, contents, and targeted mobile technologies of the different courses are described based on our lessons learned and the state-of-the-art technologies and practices used in the industry. Students developed mobile solutions aimed at improving life on campus in the US and in Senegal, sometimes collaboratively. These initiatives permitted us to do a cross-cultural exploration of what students saw themselves as needing and how mobile technology can meet these needs given the nature of the specific and local constraints of their institutions, infrastructures, and cultures. This paper summarizes the findings of this exploration and presents recommendations for faculty interested in teaching mobile solution development in a global context.
Bruce Bachenheimer, Lubin School of Business, Pace University: “Pitch Contest.” As a Wilson Center Faculty Fellow, Professor Bachenheimer was able to focus more attention on the Social Venture category of the Pace Pitch Contest.
Dario Carrera, University of Rome Tor Vergata: Social Enterprise Creation: From Social Business Idea to Social Innovation. An Analysis of Best Practices in European Social Enterprise Incubators. Presented Fall 2009 at the International Social Innovation Research Conference at the University of Oxford’s Said Business School.
Gregory Holtz, PhD, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences, Pace University: Method of Outcome Measurement for Not-for-Profit Organization.
Noushi Rahman, Lubin School of Business, Pace University: Performance Dynamics of Social Entrepreneurs. Presented at the highly competitive Satter Conference at NYU Stern School of Business in Fall 2009.
- Noushi Rahman
- Bruce Bachenheimer
- Robert Isaak
- Grant P. Loavenbruck
- Dennis S. Anderson
- Alan B. Eisner
- Grant P. Loavenbruck
- James Gabberty
- Brian J. Nickerson
- Joseph M. Pastore, Jr.